Elementary OS 5.0 “Juno” after installation

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

After installing the Elementary 5.0 “Juno” distribution on your computer’s hard drive and logging in for the first time, your system is ready to work. You can travel the vast expanses of the Internet and download the necessary files, watch movies, listen to music, use the printer, download from the camera/smartphone pictures and edit them, view your video from the camera, communicate with family and friends via Skype and social networks, in General, all that can be done in a normal operating system.Most of the developers of Elementary OS are, first of all, designers, hence the increased attention of developers to the graphical interface. But in the current release of Elementary OS 5.0, in addition to decorations, the developers have focused on the stability of the system. Avoiding the use of third-party repositories (by default, there are no utilities for working with deb* packages and adding third-party repositories), as well as the transition to the model of containerized isolated applications, makes the system more stable.

Elementary OS 5.0 will be supported until 2023.
Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation
So, let’s set up the system after a clean install

1. System update
System and software updates are performed in the Application Center (App Center), and a notification appears on the AppCenterstartup icon in the dock:

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

2. Add third-party repositories.
The developers of Elementary OS 5.0 for the security and stability of the system “cut” software-properties-common package, which is responsible for managing the repositories from which the programs are installed. A graphical utility called Programs and updates.
To install the Program and update utility, run the following command in the terminal (Super+T) :

sudo apt install software-properties-common software-properties-gtk
And then run the command to open the Program and update:
software-properties-gtk & exit
Now you can not only add third-party repositories to install other software, but also activate additional drivers (if your computer has an NVIDIA or AMD video card):

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

3. GDebi and Synaptic installation
Gdebi-program to install *.deb packages developed by Canonical specifically for Ubuntu.
GDebi can install *.deb packages using automatic dependency resolution (automatically downloads and installs required packages).
GDebi allows you to install .deb packages from local disk, downloaded directly, not from repositories, while defining and installing their dependencies. apt does the same, but only for remote (http, ftp) packets.

You can install GDebi from the AppCenter or copy and run the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt install gdebi

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

Synaptic, a graphical package Manager written in GTK+, is an add-on to APT. Provides easy package management: install, update, and uninstall.
Synaptic can also be installed from the App Centre or run a command in the terminal (Super+T):

sudo apt install synaptic

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

4. Installing Elementary Tweaks
Elementary Tweaks is a Pantheon system and desktop fine-tuning utility.
Run the following commands in the terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:philip.scott/elementary-tweaks
sudo apt update
sudo apt install elementary-tweaks

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation
Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

5. Keyboard layout
By default, you can switch the layout to another language by pressing Alt+Shift. But if you prefer a different combination, click on the layout indicator in the system tray

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

In the layout tab and In the change switch layout option, select a keyboard shortcut from the suggested list:

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

6. Install Shutter
Shutter is a Multifunctional program that allows you to take screenshots. You can take a screenshot of a window, part of a screen, the whole screen, or even a website, then add various effects to it, draw on it, and finally upload it to an image hosting site. And all this from one window!
Elementary OS 5.0 “Juno” after installation

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

cd /tmp; wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgoocanvas-common_1.0.0-1_all.deb; sudo dpkg -i libgoocanvas-common_1.0.0-1_all.deb
cd /tmp; wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgoocanvas3_1.0.0-1_amd64.deb; sudo dpkg -i libgoocanvas3_1.0.0-1_amd64.deb; sudo apt install -f
cd /tmp; wget https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+archive/primary/+files/libgoo-canvas-perl_0.06-2ubuntu3_amd64.deb; sudo dpkg -i libgoo-canvas-perl_0.06-2ubuntu3_amd64.deb; sudo apt install -f
sudo apt install shutter
7. Enable night mode
Night mode makes the colors of your display warmer. This can prevent eye strain and insomnia.

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

In the Night mode option, you can manually adjust the color temperature by moving the check box between the less warm and warmer values.
8. Install an alternative web browser.
8.1 Install Google Chrome
Google Chrome can be installed from the official download page: https://www.google.com/intl/en/chrome/ but then it will not be automatically updated in the system. In order not to reinstall the browser with the new version, you need to connect the repository and install a stable version of Google Chrome (64-bit)
Run next commands in the terminal:

wget -q -O -- https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add --
sudo sh -c ‘echo “deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main” >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list’
sudo apt update
sudo apt install google-chrome-stable
8.2 Install Firefox
One command is enough, pay attention to the second command, there put the language you need instead of en
sudo apt install firefox firefox-locale-ru
sudo apt install firefox-locale-en

9. Installation of snap packages
Snap Apps (short: snaps) is a package format, which in most part developed by Canonical that can be easily and quickly set from the global shop Snap (Snap Store) and use without conflicts with the “usual” DEB-packages.
To find and install the desired snap-package with the application, go to the website https://snapcraft.io/store
Or, run the snap find command in the terminal, which opens the list of programs to install the snap-package in the terminal.

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

When you find the program in the terminal list or on the website you can install it directly from the terminal with a standard command, for example

sudo snap install telegram-desktop

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

After you install snap-pack terminal will notify you – telegram-desktop 1.5.4 from ‘telegram.desktop’ installed.
Now you can start the installed program from the system menu. I needed to re login into the system to see the menu.

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

Ace Stream – Torrent TV is also easy to install snap-package.

sudo snap install acestreamplayer
10. Installing Etcher or BalenaEtcher
BalenaEtcher is the same Etcher being developed now on the more advanced baleno platform that records .iso images are 50% faster on multiple drives (USB drive or SD card) at the same time.

BalenaEtcher - another program to make bootable drives

11. Installing TimeShift (The program is included by default in the Linux Mint distribution.)
TimeShift for Linux is an application that provides functionality similar to System Restore in Windows and Time Machine in Mac OS (Apple).
TimeShift protects your system by creating copies of files and folders of the file system at a specific point in time. These copies can then be restored later to bring your system to the state it was at the time the copy was made. TimeShift copies only system files and settings, leaving user files such as Documents, Images, Videos and Music unchanged.

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

In other words, TimeShift does all the work of copying and restoring the system automatically, you only need to specify which copy (from what number and time) to apply for recovery, but personal folders remain unchanged, along with the content.

Elementary OS 5.0 "Juno" after installation

Open a terminal, run the following commands:

sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt install timeshift
I suggest we stop here, but you also suggest your additions in the comments below.
May the Force be with you,
Good Luck!!!

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