One of the most user-friendly open source operating systems is Linux Mint 20. Unlike other, more ascetic interfaces, it was originally created only in the desktop version. Therefore, the basic package includes more programs for everyday use, proprietary codecs and drivers.
The creators of Linux Mint 20 have also significantly improved the configuration interface. So, you have already installed Linux Mint 20 on your computer. Let’s take a look at configuring Linux Mint 20 after installation.
1. System update
The first step after installing the OS is to install updates. The development of this OS does not stand still. Various updates, fixes, additions, and new software are regularly released.
In the main menu, select Administration and then launch the Update Manager:
In the window that opens, you can see a list of packages that have updates. To complete the installation, click Install updates. In my case, the OS does not need to be updated, I already did it:
Each user is used to design the desktop according to their preferences and views. To change the Wallpaper, right-click on an empty space on the desktop, thereby opening the context menu. Select Change desktop background:
You will see a standard Manager that allows you to select the image you like from a ready-made set of Linux Mint 20 Ulyana or from a set of pre-loaded images from outside.
Click on the selected image file, thus making it automatically the background image of your desktop.
In the same window, you can go to the Settings tab. There is a slide show option with a choice of delay time between background image changes. As a result of activating the slide show, images from the selected folder will change automatically (by default, 15 minutes).
You can also set the display mode for the background image: Zoom, Stretched, Mosaic, Centered, and others:
3. Theme settings
You can download and install themes to give the GUI its own special style. To do this, select System settings from the main menu:
Next, launch Themes. In the window that opens with parameters, you can set the theme for each element individually: change the window frame, change the mouse pointer, change the buttons and window style:
On the Add/remove tab, you can download other themes from the Internet, for your convenience, sorting their list by popularity, name or date of creation:
4. Fonts installation
Despite considerable efforts by Linux and Microsoft developers in terms of compatibility, sometimes there are problems with the correct display of documents. This is because Windows uses TrueType fonts. By default, these fonts are not included in the Linux Mint base package. Let’s look at the process of adding them.
In the main menu, open Software Manager. In the search bar, type myscore. The package we need will appear in the list of search results — ttf-mscorefonts-installer. Click Install:
The font installer will ask you to accept the license agreement. Check the box Do you accept the Eula license terms? Click the Next button.
Once the fonts are installed successfully, it is not difficult to check their availability. For example, open the LibreOffice Writer. In the font selection drop-down list, you can see fonts such as Arial, Arial Black, Comic Sans, Courier New, Georgia, Times New Roman, and others:
5. Keyboard layouts
To add additional keyboard layouts, you need to load one by one: system settings -> Keyboard. On the Layouts tab, click the + button. The layout selection menu appears. Select the desired layout, then click Add.
You can also select a keyboard shortcut to switch layouts. Click the Options button. In the list of options to Switching to another layout, select the desired checkbox. The settings will be applied automatically:
6. Codecs installation
Various digital formats, compression and encryption algorithms are used to create video or audio. Special codec programs are used to view or listen to such content.
If you didn’t specify install codecs when installing the system, do it now. Start the terminal and run the following command (you will need root rights):
7. Snap installation (only if you need it! Snap programs eat a lot of memory)
Relatively recently, Canonical has developed a universal Snap installation package. Unlike Apt or Yum, which work stably only with their own OS variants, Snap is self-sufficient and is not tied to the operating system version.
Install Snap in the terminal window. By default, installing snapd using apt is prohibited. In order to circumvent this ban, please remove the configuration file nosnap.pref:
8. Drivers installation
Special driver programs are required for the operating system to interact with the hardware. In most cases, Linux Mint installs everything you need on its own. However, sometimes you need to manually install or update drivers.
In the main menu, select Administration, then launch the Drivers Manager:
The OS will automatically check for missing or outdated drivers and display a list of them.
You can install the drivers by checking the appropriate boxes and clicking Apply changes. In this case, there are no problems with the drivers, so an empty window is displayed:
May the Force be with you,